Gum disease is a common dental condition where the gums become inflamed. It can lead to periodontal disease, a cause of tooth loss. Without regular treatments, periodontal disease can occur and damage bone and tissue.
Red, sore gums that bleed after brushing are a sign of gum disease – also known as gingivitis. Inflamed gums shrink back from the teeth, causing sensitivity with cold drinks and food items. This is called gingival recession.
Half of Americans Have Periodontal Disease
If dental treatment isn’t sought, periodontal disease can develop. Infection may occur in the pockets between the teeth and gums, causing abscesses, halitosis, a crumbling jaw bone and loose teeth. If the jaw suffers infection, remedies such as dental implants, may not be available.
Half of all American adults aged 30 or more have some level of periodontal disease. Recent scientific research has shown that periodontal disease is linked with chronic inflammatory conditions like heart disease and diabetes. People who have it under the age of 65 should undergo evaluation for underlying health problems.
Getting Help for Gum Disease
Brushing teeth twice a day for at least two minutes each time and having regular dental check-ups is important to keep gum disease at bay. An electric toothbrush is usually advised to prevent abrasion damage to delicate gums and ensure a good clean.
For gum disease, Santaquin dentists such as those from Canyon Dental Clinic can show patients how to clean their teeth correctly to help prevent bleeding gums and periodontal disease. Scale and polishing can be done at three to six-month intervals to remove plaque and tartar build-up from the teeth and gums. Polishing can remove staining too. In severe cases, where teeth are loose, tooth extraction or tissue grafting can be done. A piece of tissue can be grafted from another area of the body and placed over the area where the gum has receded to restore support, reduce sensitivity and improve appearance.
Periodontal disease is a top cause of tooth loss, but it needn’t be. With adequate dental hygiene and regular professional cleaning, it can be preventable.