Swimming is considered to be one of the least dangerous sports in Sydney. This is due to the predictable environment, slow speed of movement and lack of contact. Swimming injuries mainly occur as a result of overuse, which in turn affects the knees, lower back, shoulder and neck. Another main cause of these injuries is the use of incorrect techniques. This leaves the swimmer predisposed to potential injury.
One of the concerns that bring swimmers to the physiotherapist is shoulder problems. This can be as a result of poor stroke mechanics applied in a front crawl or freestyle.
Here are some swimming injuries you need to be aware of:
Commonly associated with breast stroke, the swimmer’s knee occurs when there is too much tension when your leg whips out when increasing speed in the water. The tension can result in problems in the medial collateral ligament.
Some of the symptoms you’ll notice include swelling of the knee, general knee pain, sharp pain in the knee, and an inflamed knee tissue. It is estimated that 20% of all swimmer’s injuries are related to the knee. You can prevent this injury from happening by using the correct technique while swimming.
Regular swimmers often complain of shoulder discomfort or pain, this is what is referred to as swimmer’s shoulder. Muscle imbalance and stroke technique are the main causes of these injuries. If you’re suffering from swimmer’s shoulder, you’ll experience pain during rest periods, pain that increases as you swim and a shoulder that becomes painful to touch.
To prevent this, do not stress your shoulders. Avoid backstroke and front crawl as they could worsen the condition. Exercising with tubes and bands might also help strengthen the shoulder and build resistance and flexibility. For better health, it is important to visit a shoulder physiotherapist regularly.
You’ve probably suffered from a muscle cramp that lasted. Arm and leg cramps are common to swimmers and occur when a muscle involuntarily contracts and fails to relax. Symptoms include pain in the affected area, sudden tight and stiff muscles and restricted movement. The best way to prevent cramps is to do some stretching before the exercise and to stay well hydrated.
If you suffer from either of these injuries, it’s necessary to get some help right away. A physiotherapist will assess the extent of the pain and recommend the best treatment plan.