Being Motivated to Exercise: The Expectancy Theory

Woman drinking after jog

According to the expectancy theory, people will consciously choose to behave in a particular way to achieve the outcome of acting in such a way will bring. For example, some women will choose to follow a specific routine to lose weight. With losing weight as their goal, they will exercise or follow a strict diet to burn calories.

For this reason, a personal training studio for women in Natick has designed programs for effective weight loss. To illustrate further the expectancy theory, here are its three basic elements:

Expectancy

In this theory, an effort is directly related to performance. An increase in effort is said to lead to an increase in performance. Conversely, a decrease in effort will also lead to a decrease in performance. However, this is dependent on some factors. Some of the factors are resources and support. Resources may refer to time. In the case of a woman going to the gym, she must have time to exercise. Also, necessary support from the trainers may help to continue being motivated.

Instrumentality

Under instrumentality, the right performance will lead to the right reward. For example, a person who exercises all the time but does it incorrectly will not lose weight. Another example is that a person regularly exercising but increases his or her intake of food will generally not lose weight if the amount of caloric intake is more than what is burned.

Valence

This element is defined as the importance one places on the expected outcome. A person will not put off or postpone exercising regularly if she expects to lose weight and have a healthier life due to weight loss.

According to Theodore Roosevelt, if you believe you can, then you’re halfway there. Perhaps, the first leap a person has to do is to have faith in the self, and afterward, everything will follow.